Let us introduce you to the Kingdom of Bhutan, a small nation, land-locked in the eastern Himalayas. The country was once known as Bhu-uttan (high land) and to the locals as Druk-Yul meaning the Land of the Drukpas or the Land of the Thunder Dragon, it is still referred to as Druk today. Bhutan is nestled between two large neighbours, India and China. Owing to the harmonious society, rich culture, pristine environment, and the belief in the philosophy of the Gross National Happiness it is also known as one of the The Last Sangrilas on earth. Majority of the population follow Buddhism as a religion. Buddhism came to Bhutan during its propagation in the 8th Century, by the Guru Padmasambhava, the second Buddha.
The country follows the dual system of governance that segregates the Buddhist institution from political administration as introduced by the first Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. Zhabdrung was a great Tibetan Lama who came to Bhutan, and he is known for unifying the country as a nation. The significance of his unification is understood through the presence of the majestic Dzongs (fortresses) which were mostly built by him in various parts of the country. The first monarch of the country Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck was crowned in 1907. Since then, the country under the guidance of series of monarchy progressed towards national integration of its regions, building good relationship with the neighboring countries and other international states, development and modernization, and then democratization. All these progresses have been in an effort to achieve the Gross National Happiness, a philosophy introduced by the Fourth King Jigme Singye Wangchuk. Following the coronation of the fifth king, His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck on December 14, 2006, and after 100 years of monarchy, Bhutan transitioned into democracy with constitutional monarchy.
Quick Facts of Bhutan
Capital of Bhutan : Thimphu
Area: 38,394 sq km
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita : 2,719 USD
Electrification Ratio: 99.97%
Forest Coverage : 70.5%
Currency : Ngultrum (1 Ngultrum = 100 Cheltrum) and pegged with the Indian Rupees
Country Dialing Code: +975 + Area Code
Official Language : Dzongkha
Language Spoken: Dzongkha, English, Nepalese & Hindi
State Religion :Buddhism
Altitude: from 160 meters to more than 7,000 meters above sea level.
Local Time: Six hours ahead of GMT and half and hour ahead of Indian Standard Time
Life Expectancy : 66 years (Men) & 70 years (Women)
National Emblem : The National emblem, contained in a circle, is composed of double diamond thunderbolts placed above lotus surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The double diamond thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power and the two dragons-a male and female, stand for the name of the Country- the Land of Thunder Dragon (Drukyul)
National Flag : The National flag is rectangular and divided diagonally into two parts with a white dragon in the middle. The upper yellow half signifies the Country’s secular authority of the King. The lower saffron orange half signifies the religious practice and spiritual power of Buddhism. The Dragon symbolizes the name of the country and the white, purity and loyalty.
National Game : Archery
National Flower :Blue Poppy
National Bird : Raven
National Tree : Cypress
National Animal : Takin